ki5n7 25arz zdtky 8di8b azty5 e5nyy 486tk 4fd4z 4n3h4 if7yd 8z4re tz98f t2dnf rert7 ahi3t a948y 66ezi ke7kd b64eh 9znnd irnze Is there any evidence of the U.S. actually censoring coverage of the "Spanish Flu"? Is its etymology more myth than fact? |

Is there any evidence of the U.S. actually censoring coverage of the "Spanish Flu"? Is its etymology more myth than fact?

2021.11.30 18:59 solo_dol0 Is there any evidence of the U.S. actually censoring coverage of the "Spanish Flu"? Is its etymology more myth than fact?

There is a commonly repeated claim going around that the 'Spanish Flu' is only named that because Spain was one of few neutral countries through WWI that was thus free to report on the otherwise demoralizing truth of the disease. In fact Wikipedia even says:

The pandemic broke out near the end of World War I, when wartime censors suppressed bad news in the belligerent countries to maintain morale, but newspapers freely reported the outbreak in neutral Spain. These stories created a false impression of Spain as the epicenter, so press outside Spain adopted the name "Spanish" flu.
The idea being that Spain was reporting it so much while other countries were reporting it so little (due to censor) that everyone assumed it was coming from Spain. Searching sources I can find that the British did in fact have the 'Defence of the Realm Act of 1914' which enabled such censure, but I can't find any definitive evidence of this ever taking place in the U.S.
The first reporting of the disease actually occurred within the U.S. near what many hypothesize was its origin in Kansas when:
Miner considered this incarnation of the disease so dangerous that he warned national public health officials about it. Public Health Reports (now Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), a weekly journal produced by the U.S. Public Health Service to alert health officials to outbreaks of communicable diseases throughout the world, published his warning [in April 1918].
There is ample reporting cited in that very article of illness throughout the country as well though not necessarily as influenza or any universal nomenclature.
I've seen no evidence that there was any censor of information in the United States, let alone that there was such a significant gap in the coverage between Spanish press and that of the U.S. to merit naming the disease as such. Perhaps there was misunderstanding or downplaying of the disease in the U.S. but to chalk it up as 'wartime censor' seems inaccurate, and further misguided when we're comparing it against Spain's supposedly rampant coverage at the time. The best evidence I can find is that it did not get the attention that, in hindsight, we think it should've deserved in the U.S. press. However, this does not mean Spain was the only one covering it or that there were any efforts to downplay it in the U.S. This also is not even to say anything about the actual coverage Spain was giving the disease.
I question the validity of this claim and whether there may be another reason why it was dubbed the Spanish Flu. Could Spain really have had an outsized number of cases? Was there just some reason people liked that name? I'm not posing an answer here but certainly, without someone providing evidence to the contrary, we can't stick by the notion of Spain's uniquely-free press coverage as the driving force.
And again all this is without me doing much digging on the actual Spanish press side of things, as the question stands out to me whether the Spanish press was getting such global penetration that citizens of the U.S. or even Britain would conflate their pandemic with what was being reported in Madrid in 1918 enough to pin them as the epicenter of a global crisis.
TLDR: To me this commonly cited claim is based on far too many assumptions to be any sort of fact - assuming that Spain had significant coverage of the disease, assuming that coverage was being consumed globally to any material extent, assuming that the U.S. was actively censoring flu coverage and assuming it was done out of wartime interest.
submitted by solo_dol0 to AskHistorians [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 pricegun Got em five!!

Got em five!! submitted by pricegun to Scrubs [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 N0GARED Unbelievable

Unbelievable submitted by N0GARED to antiwork [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Cathf17

submitted by Cathf17 to videozeugs [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 ghibl1 mfw today, 1st of December, patiently awaiting Dev Thoughts #24

submitted by ghibl1 to riskofrain [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Airijko Aatrox is outdated, we need a Rework!

submitted by Airijko to leagueoflegends [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Juicebox3234 Having to stand the entire time during work is stupid

I work at a smoke shop rn (also in college) and like a lot of jobs I can’t sit down at all. I personally don’t have any injuries or problems that would standing for 8 hours a problem but a lot of my co workers do. There is literally no reason why we can’t sit down when there is no customers and even if there is customers I don’t think any of them would care. I don’t even understand this thought from an employer because who actually think that sitting is unprofessional now?
submitted by Juicebox3234 to unpopularopinion [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 johntheplaya [COD] Come December 8th

[COD] Come December 8th submitted by johntheplaya to CallOfDuty [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 mcerdx13 Request for Expedite

Anybody tried to do this?
My condition is preventing me to work overtime, I am on a debt settlement, my spouse is pregnant and can’t work full time.This has caused us financial hardship. I submitted documentations to support this.
Is this enough for them to expedite my claim?
submitted by mcerdx13 to VeteransBenefits [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 mollymolotov666 What's the most memorable thing you've ever seen on the T?

I'm looking for stories. What are some things you've seen on the T that you'll never forget?
submitted by mollymolotov666 to boston [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 EonXII What maps have sentinel beams?

Haven't seen a single one in like 5 hours :(
submitted by EonXII to halo [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 mikesmith929 November 30 - Alberta COVID-19 vaccine coverage by age group

November 30 - Alberta COVID-19 vaccine coverage by age group submitted by mikesmith929 to Edmonton [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 CryonicYtFurry Question

Is there any mobile MC animators here, if so, how do you guys animate? As far as i know adobe animate dosent exist on android/ios.
submitted by CryonicYtFurry to madnesscombat [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 BoringAbbreviations5 Already back to SWSH..

Got about 16 battle ready Pokémon and realized there isn’t a matchmaking system to battle. I respect that this game didn’t originally have it, but I think the online community will move back to SWSH once they burn through the end game.
What is everyone’s thoughts?
submitted by BoringAbbreviations5 to PokemonBDSP [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Channing22 Stuttering in Fedora 35

Hi everyone, new-ish Fedora user (not new to Linux though) user here.

I am having some annoying stuttering issues with Fedora 35. I did a fresh install and I am using Wayland with AMDGPU on default Workstation install of GNOME. Fully up-to-date. Same issue on live USB boot. I am using the following kernel parameters: "modprobe.blacklist=radeon amdgpu.cik_support=1 amdgpu.si_support=1". I need these to force AMDGPU otherwise the old slow radeon driver is used which is unstable for me and causes permanent physical damage to my monitors after about 10 minutes of use.
I mostly notice the stuttering when scrolling in web browsers such as Firefox or Chrome (both stutter). The stuttering is weird because it's super smooth for 10 seconds, then stutters for 10 seconds, etc... and the stuttering does not change if the system is under load (heavy vs. light websites, game running in background, nothing running in background after fresh boot, etc...)
I never had this issue in Fedora 33. Forcing the GPU to run at max clock speed doesn't fix the stuttering.
One thing I did notice is that the stuttering is basically gone if I login using the GNOME on X.Org session, but I would like to use Wayland rather, especially seeing as it was fine on Fedora 33.
Any tips or suggestions would be appreciated :)
submitted by Channing22 to Fedora [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 SnooOpinions7345 Messed up real bad on ethical scenario

I still don't exactly know how I'd answer this question but I don't know why I said what I said. The scenario is for law enforcement officials. You got to a friend's house for dinner and his gf you realize you know because she's been convicted of a crime. What would you do? I stupidly said I would continue with the dinner then I'd ask a manager what to do when I got to work, as per policy. I think I was supposed to leave the dinner??? Confused AF.
submitted by SnooOpinions7345 to interviews [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Limp-Government2965 $MDC | Monster Doge | King of Doge rewards 7% Reflections, Just Launched, Coin Gecko, CMC coming soon 💎x1000 GEM

I believe you have seen a lot of bad monsters but this Monster Doge will make you the happiest holder ever seen.
Who chooses to follow Monster Doge will be rewarded in DogeCoins 💰 every 20 minutes. Do not wait any longer and join our ever-growing community and enjoy the Monster rewards. 🔥
Thanks to a magical reflection, the followers share among themselves 7% in DogeCoins for each sale and 8% in Dogecoins on each purchase every 20 minutes which are magically awarded to Monster holders 💰 .
Thus, as a holder, you do not need to do anything it will automatically go to your wallet as DogeCoins.
Our anti-whale measure allows the sale of only 1M $MDC per transaction, which avoids the collapse of the chart and reward the holders.
Just hold a minimum of 10,000 $MDC and you will receive DogeCoin every 20 mins.
Do not wait any longer and join the adventure of MonsterDoge!
On Transactions:
Total Supply: 1 Billion Coins,
🥞 7% DOGE Reflections
💧 1% Auto-Liquidity Pool
🤓 2% Marketing Fees
More Goodies:
🔒 Liquidity Lock: 1 Year ⏰ Every 20 minutes Auto-Payments
✅ Anti-Dump + Anti-Whale Functions
✅ 7% Auto-Doge Reflections (This will make us lots of $$$)
✅ Endless Marketing Budget
✅ Reflections APP 🔥 COMMUNITY TIME 🔥
Contract: 0x504a2fb248e00a89b332a61a7029a9549201fa10
Buy Here:
LP Locked:
Renounced Ownership:
submitted by Limp-Government2965 to CryptoMars [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 i_am_nobody_who_ru My mjolnir

My mjolnir submitted by i_am_nobody_who_ru to NorsePaganism [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Apple-plus-Insanitea How do y’all interact with your readers/do you interact with your readers?

I try to be friendly. I’ll reply and make conversations in the comments and I’ve got a tumblr set up where I take prompts. I’ve written fic for people in the comment section of my own fic to fix something, and generally try to be as nice as possible. I think I might be a little over-enthusiastic in this way, and I was wondering how y’all talk to your readers (if you do at all).
submitted by Apple-plus-Insanitea to FanFiction [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Naydart Welcome to MetaMorphz collection

Welcome to MetaMorphz collection submitted by Naydart to NFT_ [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 RADJuiceLee Today is my lovely & amazing wife’s birthday & she deserves (after just asking;) the best sushi (takeout) midtown or east sac has to offer: please and thank you!

submitted by RADJuiceLee to Sacramento [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Solfaroiy ⚔️ AlienX ⚔️ a Fantasy Anime Style PVP Play-To-Earn NFT game ⚡ Launching Now on BSC ❤ Low Marketcap!! ☀︎ Join our telegram!

Welcome To ⚔️ AlienX ⚔️
⚔️ a Fantasy Anime Style PVP Play-To-Earn NFT game ⚔️
⚡️Explore the world of Zaidara through a thrilling campaign mode, or battle PVP and reap the rewards⚡️
Contract Address: 0x0B34c221fb0e8E1C20a51dC894f8d3EF63aee18c
‍♀️ Fully Doxxed Team
☄︎ Earn Rewards in BUSD
☘︎ 2 Full Audits Done (dessert finance & Techrate)
☝︎ 100% Transparency
☠︎ V2 contract LAUNCHED on PCS! ☠︎
➡️ NY billboards, celebrities and much more in the next few days.
⛩️ Tokenomics
✈️3% Marketing Fee
✈1% Charity Donation
✈️2% Buy Back Fee
✈️3% Liquidity Premium
✈️7% BUSD Reflections
❄️Liquidity Lock 1 year
♟️ Token Details ♟️
Contract Address: 0x0B34c221fb0e8E1C20a51dC894f8d3EF63aee18c
Name: AlienX
Symbol: ALX
Decimals: 9
☢️ Useful Links
↪️ Pancakeswap:
↪️ Website:
↪️ Telegram:
↪️ Twitter:
submitted by Solfaroiy to SatoshiBets [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 Mettez Let's do a thought experiment, about IF big, traditional financial players (e.g., banks) have 'infiltrated' this sub, or other crypto spaces

Okay, let's start by suspending our disbelief, and follow me along in a form of 'thought experiment'.
Imagine you are responsible for the actions of a big traditional financial institution such as a bank or investment firm. Specifically, let's say a bank.
One of your biggest, if not the biggest source of your revenue comes from people giving you their money. I don't mean this in a bad way, per se. Let's make it simple; in general, you provide people with a service: you provide an easy way for people to safely store their wealth. You make it accessible through digital ways, automate tasks related to finance (e.g., automatic payments, tax information in some countries, etc.), and you even allow individuals to obtain large amounts of money earlier in life through loans.
In return, you can earn money with the stores of wealth you are given. You can make investments which make a certain % of money, you charge people financial services (credit cards, insurance, advice, etc.), and you can even loan the money you are storing out, and make an interest % on that money over time.
All in all, you run a business around managing the money of an extremely large amount of people, and because you have access to such an immense wealth, you can make money. This is your business model, when reducing it to its core (I'm not delving into ethics or the likes for this thought experiment).
Now, a new technology is emerging. This new technology has the potential to allow individuals to manage their own financial situation, requiring no external intervention. People can receive and send payments, the finances are secured, accessible in digital form, allow for automating financial tasks, and can even allow forms of loaning between individuals or groups. Furthermore, all of these potential future applications don't require a middle man, instead, whatever 'costs' associated with this financial system (transfer fees, securing the network, etc.) flow right back into said system, by rewarding people who own a stake in the system (PoS) or who help securing the network by having machines run (PoW). This is obviously very simplified, but let's keep it simple for what my point will be.
In short, your business model is severely endangered by a new, upcoming technology. More specifically, if said technology achieves the full potential it has already shown to have, your source of revenue could/will completely disappear.
Now, what would you do? Remember, in this thought experiment you can steer the actions of said traditional financial institution, i.e., a bank in this experiment.
In my mind, it is absolutely clear that I would try and learn as much as I can about said technology, and consider it a serious competition even if I don't believe it will become a real threat. Just the fact that the potential for me becoming obsolete exists, is enough of a motivation to try and influence the technology as well. It would be absolutely no surprise to me if big financial institutions have already 'infiltrated' this sub, and other platforms that discuss cryptocurrency. Moreover, I would be surprised if that wasn't the case.
Ensuring that rug-pulls are highlighted, or even exist/take place, would be something I would pay attention to or even facilitate myself. Highlighting risks and doubt, creating (extreme) volatility, pushing back against adoption, I would be doing anything to influence the public image of this new technology, to ensure that my 'services' are either viewed as necessary, or as superior. Moreover, it would be a smart 'investment' for my business to achieve these goals.
Now remember, this is absolutely no proof of anything, so I'm not here to point fingers. But if you would manage billions/trillions of money, and your revenue stream was facing a very serious potential threath, wouldn't you do the same? Especially given the absurd amount of resources you have access to?
Just something to think about, and give perspective when looking at the crypto space, and the sources that provide information on said space.
*** TL;DR *** Traditional financial institutions have every reason to influence the public image of cryptocurrency, as this technology potentially threatens their entire revenue stream. Therefore, it is to be expected that they are already doing so, in much more intense and subtle ways than you might realize.
submitted by Mettez to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 seethroughplate Illustrated supplement to The Christmas Queenslander, December 1st, 1927

Illustrated supplement to The Christmas Queenslander, December 1st, 1927 submitted by seethroughplate to AustralianCulture [link] [comments]

2021.11.30 18:59 j1mbo55 Long range shot bolt kill

Long range shot bolt kill submitted by j1mbo55 to HuntShowdown [link] [comments]